A parikrama refers to clockwise circumambulation of a pilgrimage destination. As per the Hindu traditions, the chardham destinations (Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath) are to be circumambulated clockwise, known as chardham parikrama. Devotees and pilgrims are required to complete their pilgrimage to chardham starting from left and ending towards the right. So, if one is performing a parikrama, they have to begin their Chardham Yatra from Yamunotri, which is the westernmost shrine in the circuit. The pilgrimage shrine of Yamunotri is located at an altitude of 3,165 m above sea level and is dedicated to Hindu goddess Yamuna.
The next destination as per the chardham parikrama is the shrine of
Gangotri, at a height of 3,042 m above sea
level and dedicated to goddess Ganga. The shrine occupies a place on the
right banks of river Bhagirathi. The chardham parikrama takes you
further to Kedarnath, located at an
elevation of 3,581 m above sea level.
The final destination of the chardham parikrama is the sacred shrine of
Badrinath. Located at a height of 3,133 m
above sea level on the right banks of the river Alaknanda,
Badrinath is the most significant among
the all four chardham destinations in Uttarakhand. The
Badrinath temple in Garhwal stands in
dedication to Lord Vishnu. The temple at Badrinath has been divided into
Garbha Griha (the inner sanctum), Darshan Mandap (the site to perform
rituals) and Sabha Mandap (where devotees and pilgrims congregate).